destructive distillation

dry distillation, decomposition or destruction of organic substances by means of heat and an absence of air (produces products such as coke, charcoal, oils and gases)

English contemporary dictionary. 2014.

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  • Destructive distillation — is the chemical process involving the decomposition of feedstock by heating to a high temperature; the term generally applies to processing of organic material in the absence of air or in the presence of limited amounts of oxygen or other… …   Wikipedia

  • Destructive distillation — Distillation Dis til*la tion (d[i^]s t[i^]l*l[=a] sh[u^]n), n. [F. distillation, L. destillatio.] 1. The act of falling in drops, or the act of pouring out in drops. [1913 Webster] 2. That which falls in drops. [R.] Johnson [1913 Webster] 3.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Destructive distillation — Destructive De*struc tive, a. [L. destructivus: cf. F. destructif.] Causing destruction; tending to bring about ruin, death, or devastation; ruinous; fatal; productive of serious evil; mischievous; pernicious; often with of or to; as,… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • destructive distillation — n. the decomposition of a material, as coal, wood, etc., by heat in the absence of air, followed by the recovery of volatile products of the decomposition by condensation or other means: a type of calcination: see PYROLYSIS …   English World dictionary

  • destructive distillation — destrukcinis distiliavimas statusas T sritis chemija apibrėžtis Be oro kaitinamų junginių skilimas. atitikmenys: angl. destructive distillation rus. деструктивная перегонка …   Chemijos terminų aiškinamasis žodynas

  • destructive distillation — dry distillation decomposition of a solid by heating in the absence of air, which results in volatile liquid products …   Medical dictionary

  • destructive distillation — Process of distillation in which a hydrocarbon or other organic compound or mixture is heated to a temperature high enough to cause its decomposition …   Petroleum refining glossary

  • destructive distillation — noun Date: circa 1831 decomposition of a substance (as wood, coal, or oil) by heat in a closed container and collection of the volatile products produced …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • destructive distillation — Chem. the decomposition of a substance, as wood or coal, by heating with a minimal exposure to air, and the collection of the volatile products formed. [1825 35] * * * …   Universalium

  • destructive distillation — noun The heating of a material, such as coal or wood, in an inert atmosphere, at a high temperature such as to cause decomposition; the principal products include oils …   Wiktionary

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